Plant profile: Phalsa (Grewia asiatica L.)

, posted in Grow

By Mohammed Rashid Afzal
Origin: Native to southern Asia from Pakistan east to Cambodia, and widely cultivated in other tropical countries
Description: Phalsa is an exotic bush  and usually 10 to 15 feet tall . It sheds leaves during winter goes into dormancy for short duration. The wood is strong and elastic. 

It is used to make shafts for golf sticks, shoulder poles used for carrying small  loads, bows, spear handles, shingles, etc.  The shoots obtained after annual pruning are used for making baskets which are quite strong and can be used to transport fruit and vegetables. It requires hot summer for fruits to ripe. The skin of the ripened fruit is purple. A very refreshing drink is made from the fresh phalsa juice.

Blooming time: Spring end
Fruiting Period: April –June
Light: Full sun
Soil: Phalsa can be grown on a wide range of soils, even those which are moderately alkaline.
Ph: 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
Propagation: By seed which does not require any pre-sowing treatment

Uses:
• Falsa Fruits are very high in antioxidants
• It helps in preventing heart diseases and cancer.  
• The fruits are cooling, tonic and aphrodisiac, they allay thirst and burning sensation, remove biliousness, heart and blood disorders and fevers.  
• The bark is used as a demulcent.  It cures urinary troubles and relieves burning in the vagina.
• A very refreshing drink is made from the fresh phalsa juice.  This is very popular during the hot summer months and sold at fruit juice stalls in big cities.
• The leaves relieve all types of inflammations of the skin like cuts, burning, boils, eczema. Just make a paste of previously soaked leaves in water (soaked a night before). Apply this paste on the affected area.
• The leaves are antibiotic in action.                

Reference:

1.    http://www.subtropicaldesert.com/falsa
2.    http://www.ibiblio.org/london/NAFEX/message-archives/old/msg05022.html
3.    http://www.fruitipedia.com/phalsa%20Grewia%20asiatica.htm
4.    http://rajanjolly.hubpages.com/hub/Phalsa-Or-Falsa-Fruit-And-Its-Health-Benefits

Copyright Hortist, 2013

More from Hortist

  • Study in Germany: Post-graduate scholarships in Agriculture, International horticulture & Landscape ecology
  • Ford and Heinz going to make cars with tomato skins
  • Brazilian scientists help Omani farmers increase citrus & mango yeild
  • 3X as much water as Earth's oceans found 700km deep in Earth's crust
Hortist
Hortist is a sustainable source for landscape horticulture news, solutions and resources, managed by a Landscape horticulturist from Pakistan. Hortist reports on importance of this very unique niche and how it improves the landscape of this world and lives of its inhabitants.